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空气净化器实验室新实验舱施工工艺探讨http://www.jiuliangmei.com/
信息来源:http://www.jiuliangmei.com/ 发布时间:2019/5/13 TAGS:$cvcvtt$

1 引言

近年来随着空气污染的日益严重, 空气净化器成为了一个热门话题, 空气净化器的国标也在不断修订和完善中。空气净化器新国标的征求意见稿中提及到, 空气净化器30m3实验舱增加了一种可选材质, 可完全由不锈钢制作而成。本文主要针对新增加的全不锈钢30m3实验舱施工过程中的工艺进行探讨。

2 旧国标实验舱和新增全不锈钢实验舱的特点

在旧国标GB/T 18801-2008《空气净化器》中, 30m3实验舱组成材料中, 框架材料为铝型材, 壁材料为浮法平板玻璃, 地板材料为不锈钢板, 顶板材料为金属复合板, 密封材料为硅橡胶及玻璃密封胶。材料种类很多, 不同材料之间的连接比较复杂, 但是材料价格便宜。

新增全不锈钢30m3实验舱框架材料为不锈钢方钢管, 地板、顶板和壁材料都是不锈钢板。安装时只需要焊接一种工艺, 结构简单, 安装速度快, 但是材料价格高昂。

3 全不锈钢30m3实验舱施工工艺

QUANBUXIUGANGSHIYANCANGDESHISHI, CONGSHEJIDAOSHIGONGZHUYAOKAOLVJIGEFANGMIANDENEIRONG:YISHICAIZHIDEXUANZE, YOUQISHIBANCAIHOUDUDEXUANZE, HOUDUXIAOBIANXINGYANZHONGDANCHENGBENDI, HOUDUDABUYIBIANXINGDANCHENGBENGAO;ERSHIPINJIEFANGFADEXUANZE, ZHUYAOSHEJIDAOSHIGONGNANDUJIWANCHENGXIAOGUODENGFANGMIAN;DISANJIUSHIHANJIESHUNXU, SHUNXUBUTONGDUIYUTOURUDERENLIWULIDOUJIANGYOUJIAODAYINGXIANG, DUIYUGONGQIDEZHENGTIBAWOJUYOUZHIGUANZHONGYAODEZUOYONG。YIXIAJIANGGENJUZHEIJIGEFANGMIANZUOXIANGXIFENXI。

3.1 选材

DIBAN、DINGBANHEBICAILIAODOUSHIBUXIUGANGBAN, BIAOZHUNZHONGGUIDINGDEBUXIUGANGBANZHIYAODAYU0.8mmJIUKEYI, SUIRANYUEBODEGANGBANJIAGEYUEBIANYI, DANSHIHANJIEZHONGYUEBODEGANGBANBIANXINGYUEYANZHONG, KAOLVDAOQIANGDUHEHANJIEBIANXINGDENGWENTI, WOMENXUANZELE3mmHOUBUXIUGANGBAN。SHIYANCANGCHICUNWEI3.5m×3.4m×2.5m, DANSHISHIMIANSHANGXIANYOUDEBUXIUGANGBANBANMIANTAIXIAO, WUFADADAO1GEMIAN1ZHANGBAN, SUOYIMEIGEMIANYOU3ZHANGBANPINJIEERCHENG。

3.2 不锈钢板拼接的设计方案

BUXIUGANGBANPINJIEDEFANGANZHUYAOYOULIANGZHONG:

图1 边对边直焊

图1 边对边直焊   下载原图

FANGANYI:LIANGZHANGBANBIANDUIBIANZHIJIEHANJIE, JIANTU1。

ZHEIZHONGFANGFADEYOUDIANSHISHIYANCANGNEIBUMEIYOUFENGXI, FANGBIANSHIYANHOUQINGXIBUXIUGANGBAN, MEICISHIYANHOUCANLIUDEWURANWURONGYIQINGCHU。QUEDIANSHIBUXIUGANGBANBIANXINGYANZHONG, SHIYANCANGNEIBUHANJIEDIANBUMEIGUAN。

FANGANER:LIANGZHANGBANGEXIANGSHIYANCANGWAIFANGXIANGWOYIGEXIAOBIAN, ZAISHIYANCANGWAIDUIXIAOBIANJINXINGHANJIE, JIANTU2。

ZHEIZHONGFANGFADEYOUDIANSHIBUXIUGANGBANBURONGYIBIANXING, HANDIANZAISHIYANCANGWAIBU, KEYIYONGZHEDANGBANDANGZHUHANJIEDIAN, WAIXINGMEIGUAN。QUEDIANSHISHIYANCANGNEIBUYOUFENGXI, BUFANGBIANSHIYANHOUQINGXIBUXIUGANGBAN, MEICISHIYANHOUCANLIUDEWURANWUQINGCHUBUGANJING, HUIDUISHIYANSHUJUZAOCHENGYIXIEYINGXIANG。

3.3 焊接顺序对比

BUTONGDEHANJIESHUNXUDUIGONGYIYAOQIU、SHIJIANFENPEI、WANCHENGJIEGUODENGDOUYOUBUTONGDEZUOYONG, XIAMIANZHENDUILIANGZHONGBUTONGDEHANJIESHUNXUJINXINGDUIBIFENXI, YIXUNQIUZUIJIAFANGANLAIBAOZHENGSHIYANSHIDEGONGYIXIAOGUO。

FANGANYI:FENBIEHANJIEHAOMEIYIGEMIANZAIJINXINGMIANYUMIANDEHANJIE。

XIANHANJIEYIGEMIANDEKUANGJIA, KUANGJIAHANJIEHAOHOUZAIBABANHANJIEDAOKUANGJIASHANG, RANHOUZAIDUIPINJIEDEBANJINXINGHANJIE, 6GEMIANDEBANHEKUANGJIAHANJIEHAOHOU, XIANJIANGDIMIANGUDINGHAO, ZAIJIANG4GEBIMIANHANJIEDAODIMIANSHANG, ZUIHOUHANJIEDINGMIAN。

ZHEIZHONGFANGFADEYOUDIANSHIMEIGEMIANKEYIZAIZHUOMIANHUODIBANDENGPINGMIANCHUHANJIE, HANJIEFANGBIAN, BURONGYIBIANXING。QUEDIANSHIMEIGEMIANHANJIEHAOHOUDOUFEICHANGZHONG, XUYAODALIANGRENGONGHUOZHEDIAOCHECAINENGWANCHENGANZHUANG。

FANGANER:XIANHANJIEHAOSUOYOUKUANGJIA, ZAIFENBIEJIANGMEIGEMIANDEBANTIEDAOKUANGJIACHUHANJIE。

ZHEIZHONGFANGFADEYOUDIANSHIXUYAOTONGSHIGONGZUODEGONGRENSHAO, ZHIXUYAOYIRENHANJIE, LIANGRENFUZHEJIUKEYIWANCHENG, BUXUYAODAXINGJIXIEZUOYE, DUIZUOYEKONGJIANDEYAOQIUXIANGDUIJIAOSONG。QUEDIANSHIHANJIELIBANHEDINGBANSHIBUFANGBIAN, DUIHANJIEGONGRENDEJISHUYAOQIUBIJIAOGAO。

图2 挝边焊接

图2 挝边焊接   下载原图

4 实施方案

BUXIUGANGBANPINJIEFANGANWOMENZUIZHONGXUANZELELIANGZHANGBANBIANDUIBIANZHIJIEHANJIEDEPINJIEFANGAN (FANGANYI) 。

HANJIESHUNXUXUANZELEFENBIEHANJIEHAOMEIYIGEMIANZAIJINXINGMIANYUMIANDEHANJIEFANGAN (FANGANYI) 。

SHIYANCANGCHICUNWEIZHANGKUANGAO3.5m×3.4m×2.5m, DIMIANHEDINGMIANCHICUN3.5 m×3.4 m, 2GEBIMIAN3.5m×2.5m, LINGWAILIANGGEBIMIANCHICUN3.4m×2.5m, MEIGEMIANFENBIEYOUSANZHANGBUXIUGANGBANHEFANGGANGGUANJIAQIANGJINRUOGAN, XIANJIANGMEIGEMIANDEFANGGANGGUANJIAQIANGJINZAIPINGTAISHANGHANJIEHAO, RANHOUZAIJIANGSANZHANGBUXIUGANGBANFENBIEHEFANGGANGGUANJIAQIANGJINHANJIEHAO, ZUIHOUHANJIESANZHANGBUXIUGANGBANZHIJIANDELIANGTIAOPINJIEFENG。BUXIUGANGBANHEFANGGANGGUANJIAQIANGJINDIANHANZAIYIQI, BUXIUGANGBANZHIJIANDEHANJIEQUANBUDOUSHIMANHAN。FENBIEJIANGLIUGEMIANGEZIHANJIEHAOHOU, XIANBADIMIANFANGDAOSHIYANCANGWEIZHICHU, ZAIJIANGDIMIANHEYIGEBIMIANDEFANGGANGGUANJIAQIANGJINHANJIEZAIYIQI, RANHOUHANJIEDIMIANHEBIMIANDEBUXIUGANGBAN, FANGGANGGUANJIAQIANGJINZHIJIANDEHANJIESHIMANHAN, LIANGGEMIANDEBUXIUGANGZHIJIANDEHANJIEYESHIMANHAN。RANHOUZAIJIANGXIANGLINDEYIGEBIMIANYUDIMIANHELINGYIGEBIMIANFENBIEHANJIE, ZHIDAOSIGEBIMIANDOUHANJIEWANCHENG。ZAIJIANGDINGMIANYUSIGEBIMIANYONGXIANGTONGDEFANGFAHANJIEZAIYIQI。ZUIHOUJIANGMEN、GUANCHACHUANG、CAIYANGKOUHEJINCHUFENGKOUHANJIEHAO, SHIYANCANGDEHANJIEGONGYIJIUSUANWANCHENGLE。ZUIZHONGWANCHENGXIAOGUOJIANTU3。

QUANBUXIUGANGSHIYANCANGWAIGUANDAQI、MEIGUAN, YOUYUXUANZEDEBUXIUGANGBANJIAOHOU, SUOYIBIANXINGBUYANZHONG。SUIRANSHIGONGGUOCHENGZHONGJINLIANGZHUIQIUWANMEI, DANSHICANGNEIHECANGWAIHAISHICUNZAIYIDINGDEHANJIEHENJI, CANGWAIHANJIEDEHENJITONGGUOJIAQIANGJINFANGGANGGUANJINXINGLEBUFENZHEDANG, BAOZHENGLEWAIGUANDEZHENGJIEXING。CANGNEIMEIGEMIANDOUSHIYIGEZHENGTI, MEIYOUMINGXIANDEBIANXING, BANDUIBANHANJIEMEIYOURENHEFENGXI, RANGCANGTIDEQINGJIEFEICHANGFANGBIAN, SHIYANCANGDESHIYONGXINGHENHAO。CICIWANCHENGDESHIYANCANGJIJIANGULESHIYONG, YOUBAOZHENGLEWAIBUDEMEIGUAN, CONGZHENGTIXIAOGUOJIWANCHENGQINGKUANGKANLAICICIDEGONGYIXUANZEHAISHIHENCHENGGONGDE。

5 结束语

TONGGUODUIKONGQIJINGHUAQISHIYANSHIXINSHIYANCANGSHIGONGGONGYIDETANTAO, ZONGJIELESHEJIJISHIGONGGUOCHENGZHONGDEJUTIWENTI, TONGGUOWENTIFENXIXIWANGNENGRANGDAJIAZHAODAOGENGHELI、GENGYOUXIAODESHIGONGGONGYI, WEIKONGQIJINGHUAQIXINGNENGCESHIJIPINGJIATIGONGGENGWEIHELIKEKAODESHIYANHUANJING。

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